Labor & Delivery
$395.00 – $425.00
- In the first stage of labor, the cervix must thin (efface) and open (dilate) to a diameter of about 10 cm (4 in) in order to allow the fetal head to pass through.
- Repeated uterine contractions pushing the fetal presenting part against the inside of the uterus cause the cervix to thin and open over time.
- The fetal presenting part is considered to be engaged when the lowest portion is at the level of the ischial spines; this is called the 0 station. Fetal movement down the birth canal is measured by positive stations, using a 0/+3 scale or a 0/+5 scale.
- The second stage of labor starts at full dilation of the cervix and is completed when the fetus is delivered. The third stage is the delivery of the placenta.