The bones of the foot follow basically the same pattern of the hand bones. There is a double layer of sesamoid-like bones forming the ankle, which articulate with the long bones making up the central foot (metatarsals), which are in turn attached to the phalanges, or toes.
The tendons and the many ligaments of the foot attach to the tough, thin tissue covering the bones, the periosteum. The ligaments attach the bones to each other, and the tendons connect the muscles to the bones.
As in the hand, there are intrinsic muscles in the feet.
The bones of the foot form a longitudinal arch and a transverse arch. Most of the body’s weight is borne on the metatarsal heads, particularly the first and fifth.