This procedure is a relatively non-invasive technique of opening stenotic blood vessels.
A catheter is threaded through the arterial system from the arm or leg and into the diseased artery. The balloon is then positioned inside the stenotic area and gently inflated several times to crush the plaque and flatten it against the walls of the vessel.
This procedure is commonly performed and is often accompanied by the deployment of a stent to hold the vessel open.
Complications can include clot formation on the fractured plaque after the release of clotting factors and formation of a dissection (sometimes incorrectly called a “dissecting aneurysm”) in the vessel wall.