Amniotic Fluid Embolism
- Amniotic fluid embolism is a rare but serious condition that occurs when amniotic fluid or fetal material enters the maternal bloodstream. This event is most likely to occur during childbirth or immediately afterward and is dif cult to diagnose.
- This 2D animation demonstrates the mechanism of this event, showing how amniotic fluid can enter the veins between contractions via microtears. It can then travel through the maternal circulatory system, through the heart, and lodge in the vasculature of the lungs.
- The amniotic fluid components can cause an inflammatory reaction in the lungs and blood vessels, preventing oxygen exchange and thus delivery of oxygen to maternal and fetal tissues. This can be fatal for both mother and fetus.